What your resume should include

One of the most critical documents in a job hunt is your resume. The purpose of your resume is to help employers quickly learn who you are and whether your skills and experiences fit the job you are applying for.

While depending on education, professional experience, industry and role, each resume will differ, there are a few key sections you may include on your resume.


While you may decide to add, remove or alter sections depending on your application, here are a few most common resume sections:

1. Name and contact information

You may also have a link to an online portfolio or professional website, depending on what type of job you’re applying for.The first and last names that you use in professional settings are included.Make it easy to read and make it prominent, so your reader can commit your name to memory.Underneath your name, include your place, primary phone number and email address.This piece of information may seem obvious. Because your name may be the first item a reader sees, don’t use a nickname. There are some exceptions to this rule, though. If your name is difficult to pronounce, make it easier for employers to contact you by adding a nickname, as long as the nickname sounds professional.Answer your calls professionally during your job search.

2. Resume summary or objective

The summaries and goals of the resume are slightly different, and depending on your experience and the role you are looking for, you can choose to include either or both.A overview summary would identify your work experience, while your short-term objectives will be specified by a resume target.The description or goal of your resume should be a short, one to two sentence section that describes briefly who you are and why you are eligible.Review the work posting carefully for hints about which of your technical and soft skills would be most significant and important.

3. Education

For employers that need a certain degree, credential or level of experience, the resume education section is helpful.Based on your level of experience, you should provide your most recent and appropriate schooling.


The elements of an education section should include:

  • Name of your school
  • Location of your school
  • The degree you obtained (if applicable)
  • Your field of study
  • Graduation year (if applicable)
  • Any relevant honors or academic recognition, coursework, activities or other achievements obtained during your education

Consider listing only educational activities as they make sense of your background in your profession.As such, high school

graduates should list information regarding their high school, but college graduates do not need to list their high school.However, in your education section, once you have a post-secondary degree of some kind, you should always mention that and any other post-secondary educational experiences.


4. Skills

The next major segment to put on your resume is this.You might be tempted to put that before your history of work… and people might even have advised you to do that.But the only time I think it makes sense to list skills first is if you don’t have any job experience at all.Here’s why… Hiring managers don’t want to see a long list of skills without being able to see WHERE you have learned/used each ability.This is why they are much more likely to search for your Work History portion on your resume.And that’s why we are bringing it up higher!You can put a list of your top skills applicable to the work you are applying for in your   Skills section, and if you think it makes sense for your job and industry, you can even position them under a few headers/categories.However, make sure you think about what is important to the work; don’t just list a bunch of abilities that won’t support you in your job.

5. Professional history

This is an opportunity to demonstrate the value you have given to former employers in the “professional history” segment.Here, starting with your most recent employment, you can list all of your most important work experiences.In the last 10 to 15 years, you can reflect on your experiences.The employer’s name, your work title, years of employment, and a few bullet points of your best, most important achievements should be part of your employment history.Lead with strong verbs of action and proceed with an achievement rather than a task.Employers are interested in what you have learned, not just the assignments that you have completed.Using figures to assess your performance where possible.

6. Conclusion

You want to make sure that you arrange your resume-of all things-with the correct sequence and format. There is so much discussion about correctly detailing your professional documents. The first is to have a declaration reading “Professional References upon Request” at the end. This tells the employer that you have at least three professional references that they can contact to gain more details about you, as well as to check the information you provided in your resume outline that applies to them. 

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